Get to know Na Tree – The National Tree of Sri Lanka

Commemorating 65 years of diplomatic relations between Indonesia and Sri Lanka, the Bogor Botanical Gardens get extraordinary special collections in the form of the Sri Lankan National Tree, Na Tree (Mesua ferrea). Tree planting submitted by the Ambassador of Sri Lanka for Indonesia and ASEAN, H.E. Dharshana M. Perera was held at the Plant Conservation Center (PKT) of the LIPI Botanical Gardens (Bogor Botanical Gardens), Bogor City on Monday (07/02/2018).

Na Tree was decided as the National Tree of Sri Lanka on February 26, 1986, because this tree is most closely related to the Sri Lankan people socially and habitually for thousands of years. This tree has special value for the people of Sri Lanka. This is closely related to the Sri Lankan people in some centuries before who did not use it a little like an ancient Aryuveda medicinal plant, wooden buildings in ancient temples and bridges.

The flowers are among the parts of worship in religious rituals and adorn the national park with the beauty of trees and flowers. In Indonesia alone, especially in Java, the Na Tree, known as the Nagasari tree, has little benefit in both its wood and fruit and flowers. Some ethnic groups believe it is a repellent tree.

This tree which is a rare plant in Sri Lanka is one of the fortified species because of its connection with national identity and Sri Lanka’s strong commitment to preserving the environment.

The flowers are white, fragrant, and are used as herbal ingredients. While the wood is the hardest and longest so that it is not used little for temples, bridges and so on in the past.

The shape of the leaves varies, from thin to thick, measuring 1 × 5 cm to 5 × 18 cm, but often 3 × 10 cm. The leaves are narrow, elongated, oval, long and pointed round. Young leaves at the top are pink and turn green if they are old. The combination that creates the Na tree looks beautiful.

Buah Na is an oval capsule containing 1-3 seeds. The fruit and seeds of Na contain 76% oil and have a high value because they can be used as medicine.

Na trees can be up to 30 meters high and 70 cm in diameter. The inner skin is dark brown. The next coat is filamentous reddish brown and publishes clear color sap. The brown wood is pseudo-brown in pink. The hardwood is red, hardest, solid and thick — the smallest branch, round and hard to see.

This Sri Lankan National Tree is imported directly from the Peradeniya Botanical Garden or the Royal Botanic Gardens Peradeniya (RBG Peradeniya), the first botanical garden in Sri Lanka. Dharshana aspires Na Tree to symbolize good relations and long-term friendship between the people of Indonesia and Sri Lanka, and expand and deepen the relationship between the Peradeniya Botanical Gardens and the Bogor Botanical Gardens.

Agriculture and the environment, in Altavilla the meeting with Gal Partenio

Agriculture and environment as strategic axes around which to build the development of a territory, it is on this premise that Gal Partenio organizes for Saturday, April 13, a day of confrontation and reflection, in Altavilla Irpina at the Baronial Palace, entirely dedicated to perspectives related to environmental protection and rural innovation.

“The strategic interventions of Gal Partenio in favor of innovation in agriculture and environmental protection”, this is the title of the day which will take place in two sessions, one morning (10.00 am – 1.00 pm) in which we will talk about the environment and the protection of natural resources and an afternoon (15.00 – 17.45) during which we will discuss research and innovation in agriculture and social agriculture.

With the participation of administrators, associations and various bodies, with the aim of understanding the dynamics, the phenomena and the territorial characteristics that affect the territory and elaborating a package of concrete proposals to be nominated in all the appropriate venues (local, regional, national) and European). The day will close with a comparison with the Campania Region, starting at 6.00 pm, during a plenary session and concluding with the participation of the President of the Agriculture Committee of the Campania Region, Maurizio Petracca, of the President of the Regional Council Rosetta D’Amelio and the Vice President of the Regional Council, Fulvio Bonavitacola.

The event is organized in collaboration with: Municipality of Altavilla, Coldiretti Campania, Cia Avellino, Confagricoltura Avellino, Acli Terra Avellino, Consortium for the Protection of Irpinia Wines, CREA Caserta, Slow Food Avellino, Department DEMM University of Sannio, Isca of Women – Consorzio Percorsi, Demetra SO. Coop. Social, La Casa sulla Roccia, National Forum on Social Agriculture, WWF Sannio Irpinia, Cai Irpinia, Irpinia Trekking, Partenio Regional Park, Campania Region.

This is the program of the day. Registration of participants is scheduled at 10.00. At 10.30 am, the institutional greetings with Mario Vanni, mayor of Altavilla Irpina. At 10.40 am the opening of the meeting with Luca Beatrice, president of Gal Partenio, and Maurizio Reveruzzi, coordinator of Gal Partenio.

At 10.50 round table on the theme “Environment and protection of natural resources” with the speeches of Tonino Maffei, President Irpinia Trekking, of Vito Abate, President of CAI Irpinia, of Franco Mazza, President of the Association “Save the Valley of the Sabbath” and ISDE Provincial Referent, of Camillo Campolongo, President of the WWF Sannio Irpinia Association, of Franco Iovino, President of the Partenio Regional Park and of Romeo Melillo, Cabinet Executive President of the Campania Region – Environment.

At 3.00 pm resumption of work with the session dedicated to agriculture. After the speeches by Luca Beatrice and Maurizio Reveruzzi, there will be a round table entitled “Research and innovation in agriculture” with the participation of Salvatore Loffreda, Director of Coldiretti Campania, by Michele Masuccio, President of CIA Avellino, by Angelo Frattolillo, President of Confagricoltura Avellino, by Rocco Di Pietro, President of Acli Terra Avellino, by Stefano Di Marzo, President of the Consortium for the Protection of Irpinia wines, by Giuseppe Capriolo, CREAOFA Caserta official, by Maria Elena Napodano, Slow Food Conducted by Avellino, by Giuseppe Marotta , Director of DEMM University of Sannio and of Filippo Diasco, General Manager of Agricultural, Food and Forestry Policies | Campania Region.

At 17.00 the round table dedicated to Social Agriculture with the participation of Adele Galdo, Psychologist of “Isca delle Donne – Consorzio Percorsi”, by Mary Faticato, Project Area Manager – Demetra Soc. Coop. Social and La Casa sulla Roccia, by Giuliano Ciano, Spokesperson for National Social Agriculture Forum and by Angelo Moretti, General Director of the Salt Consortium of Earth

At 18.00 the plenary session with the report of the previous sessions. Institutional representatives of the Campania Region take part: Maurizio Petracca, President of the Campania Region Agriculture Commission, Rosetta D’Amelio, President of the Regional Council of Campania, and Fulvio Bonavitacola, Vice-president of the Campania Regional Council. Luca Beatrice, President of Gal Partenio spoke.

Alfalfa – Price 2018 Seed Set

At the meeting held in Bologna, the Economic Committee for the multiplication of fodder seeds operating under the national framework contract for the multiplication of fodder seeds indicated the reference price for alfalfa seed certified in nature at 1.30 € / kg , for clean product, ie net of every tare and scrap, as well as any additional bonuses.

“It is undoubtedly a positive sign that the structures participating in the interprofessional agreement have wanted to give the sector in view of a continuous qualification of Italian seed production”, said Roberto Guarnieri , coordinator of the Committee and representative of the industrial part. “The definition of this price was not easy and required several meetings of the inter-professional committee as it was influenced by the extremely significant production results achieved in the last campaign, as in the present, and strongly conditioned by a still very stuck national and international market” .

“The market for alfalfa seed is particular, which is affected by the polyanuality of the crop and in 2018 also by an unfavorable seasonal trend that has seen the collapse of prices, making the destination a non-profitable seed for farms,” ​​he stressed Alessandro Lualdi , president of Coams, the Consortium of seed multiplier farmers and member of the committee. “This is a production that qualifies the Italian agricultural sector: we recognize the effort made this year to support a sector that still needs programming in the short to medium term, to ensure high production standards and economic satisfactions for operators”, he concludes Lualdi.

The official statistics of the CREA-DC, even if it is still not definitive data, show that in 2018 there were just under 50,000 (last year were 37,655) the hectares for which an application for control was presented in the field for of certification , with a constantly growing trend for the past five years. Regarding seed production at the moment official data are not yet available even if the adverse environmental conditions recorded during the production cycle allow to predict lower results than those of the past season.

How to Grow Wisteria in The Garden or Vase on The Balcony

Sometimes they look like trees. Wisteria plants, when they are well cultivated and have the right space to grow, take on the size and monumental beauty of the trees. Very fragrant, too.

Among the most beautiful ornamental plants ever, the wisteria with its lilac-purple flowers is able to give a touch of color and elegance to the garden: also ideal for adorning gazebos, walls, and railings.

Of the oriental origin and coming in particular from China and Japan, the wisteria blooms in the period between the months of March and April and its cultivation is quite simple.

Originally from the East, especially China and Japan, this climbing shrub can reach 8-10 meters in height, blossoms with its fragrant flowers between March and April and, with appropriate interventions, can also be cultivated in pots on the balcony or on the terrace, even if it requires a lot of space.

How to grow the Hibiscus in the garden

Let’s see together, step by step, how to grow wisteria, in pots or in the garden :


Both in a pot and in the ground, it is preferable to plant the wisteria at the end of winter in order to avoid low temperatures or ice creams from ruining the plant. If you live in areas where the climate remains quite mild even during the winter, you can proceed with the cultivation from September to April.


Even if it is a plant that adapts well to different types of soil, make sure that the wisteria has a clayey soil rich in organic substances. At the time of planting, prefer a sunny area.


Place a layer of mature manure inside a hole of at least half a meter or a pot, cover with a layer of soil, position the plant, fill the hole or pot with more soil and water abundantly.

Fix the support to which the wisteria will have to climb.

If you intend to proceed with the cultivation by cutting, it should be about 10 cm and should be taken from July to September, placed to root in a soil composed of sand and peat and then planted once the roots become sufficiently large. Grafting should be performed towards the end of winter or early spring.


The irrigation of the plant varies according to the different seasons: it must be frequent in the summer and reduced during the winter. Furthermore, while young plants require more frequent watering because they fear drought periods more. In areas with a temperate climate, during the autumn and winter seasons, it could also be sufficient to water the plant once a month.